Hausaufgaben – Fuer 29sten September

Use a dictionary (online – www.leo.org) to help you complete the worksheet below:

September 23, 2010. grammar, homework, nominative. Leave a comment.

Prepositions of Place – Practice

Write one sentence for each of the pictures below saying where the dog and the cat are:

prepositions of place pictures

Click on the link below to check your answers.

prepositions of place answers

June 17, 2009. Tags: , , , . dative, prepositions, writing. 5 comments.

Cases – Nominative, Accusative & Dative

In German, the word for ‘the’ and ‘a / an’ changes depending on the position of the noun in the sentence. 

  • Row 1:  If the noun is at the beginning of the sentence and comes before the verb you use the word for ‘the’ or ‘a / an’ from Row 1 (nominative).  This is because the noun is the subject of the sentence, i.e. it is the thing that ‘does’ the action of the verb (it is part of the snap pair).

 

  • Row 2:  If the noun is in the second part of the sentence after the verb you use the word for ‘the’ or ‘a / an’ from Row 2 (accusative).  This is because the noun is the object of the sentence.  The only exception to this is if you use the verb ‘sein’ – to be or ‘heissen’ – to be called.
    • *We also use Row 2 if the noun comes directly after the following prepositions:
      • bis – until, to, by
      • durch – through, by
      • entlang – along, down
      • für – for
      • gegen – against, for
      • ohne – without
      • um – around, for, at (time)

cases

  • Row 3 is called the Dative Case and is used when the noun comes after the following prepositions:
    • aus – from, out of
    • außer – except for
    • bei – at, near
    • gegenüber –  opposite
    • mit – with
    • nach – after, to
    • seit – since (time), for
    •   von – from
    • zu – at, to

The following prepositions are a little complicated. 

You use Row 2 after them if there is movement from one place to another – e.g. Ich gehe ins (in das) Kino – I go to the cinema.  (you are moving from outside the cinema to inside the cinema)

You use Row 3 after them if there is no movement from one place to another – e.g. Ich bin im (in dem) Kino – I am in the cinema.  (you are in the cinema and are not moving to a different place)

  •  
    • an – at, on
    • auf – on
    • hinter – behind
    • in – in
    • neben – next to
    • über – above, over
    • unter – under
    • vor – in front of
    • zwischen between
  •  

June 17, 2009. Tags: , , , , , , . accusative, dative, nominative, prepositions. 3 comments.

Hausaufgaben für 28/04/09

Word-order 1

The normal sentence word order is:  Pronoun / noun + verb + object / rest of sentence

e.g. Ich habe eine Schwester.

       Caroline isst Wurst mit Pommes.

Word-order 2

Sometimes you can change the word order.  This is called Word Order 2 or ‘inversion’.  The verb must always stay in the second position and the subject comes immediately after it.   (object/ place/ time + verb + Pronoun / noun  + rest of sentence)

e.g.  Sport finde ich anstrengend.

       Am Montag isst er oft ein Butterbrot.

      Hier spielt man Rugby.

Homework

Write these sentences in Word Order 2 (start the sentence with the underlined words):

word-order-2

April 17, 2009. Tags: , , , , , , . grammar, homework, Uncategorized, word order 2, writing. 1 comment.

Beschreibungen (Descriptions)

To describe someone, we use the verbs ‘haben’ (to have) or ‘sein’ (to be).  These are both key verbs and should be learnt off by heart.  Practise repeating them in the order below until you can say the whole verb without looking.

haben-and-sein

www.languagesonline.org.uk

To practise describing yourself and others, click on the web-site above and then go to:

Beginner’s Units / Wie siehst du aus / beschreibungen 1 – 12

Once you have practised using www.languagesonline.org.uk, look at the table below.  You can use this in 2 ways: 

a.  Play a game with a partner.  Throw a die to determine how many squares you move forward.  When you land on a square, you must make a sentence in german using the prompts.  If your sentence is correct, you stay on the square – if it is not correct, you must go back to where you started from!

b.  If you are alone, write a sentence for each of the squares using the prompts given.  Then check your answers by clicking on the thumb-nail.

hair-and-eyes-game

hair-and-eyes-game-answers

March 13, 2009. Tags: , , , , , , , . adjectives, family, verbs. Leave a comment.

Describing your family

Look at these four sentences:

 

Karl ist             ein        Bruder.

Angela ist         eine      Schwester.

Ich habe           einen    Bruder.

Ich habe           eine      Schwester.

 

 

Ein, einen and eine both mean the same thing – a

 

What is the rule?

When do we use ein?

When do we use einen?

When do we use eine?

 

Answer: We use ein when we are talking about someone male using the verb ‘sein’ (to be) and we use einen after any other verb.  We use eine when we are talking about somebody  female.   

 

Can you fill in the gaps in these four sentences?

1)         Marge Simpson ist _______ Mutter.

2)         Homer Simpson ist _______ Vater.

3)         Lisa Simpson hat _______ Großmutter.

4)         Bart Simpson hat _______ Großvater.

 

describing-your-family-answers

February 24, 2009. Tags: , , , . accusative, family, grammar, Uncategorized. Leave a comment.